100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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Information is accompanied by amazing illustrations and photographs that put facts into context for children.

Your chances of being involved in a volcanic eruption are pretty low compared to other natural disasters, such as flooding or earthquakes. However, if a supervolcano such as the Yellowstone Caldera erupts, its ashes can spread hundreds of miles around the western half of the US with an instant devastating impact on the surrounding areas. There are around 161 active volcanoes in the US, with the majority of them being located on the western side of the country.So I'm putting Indonesia at the top as the concencus is that it has more active volcanoes than anywhere else. Mauna Loa typifies a shield volcano, which is a huge, gently sloping landform built up of many eruptions of fluid lava. There is an inspiring must-watch I Shouldn’t Be Alive episode titled “Volcano Vacation Hell” where a man survived the volcanic environment of Kilauea.

An extinct volcano is one that hasn’t erupted in the last 10,000 years and is unlikely to erupt in the future. You'll also be able to teach your pupils about the different types of volcanoes: composite, cinder cone and shield volcanoes.East Summit is on the left skyline, and North Summit, to its right, is topped by an ice-filled crater from which a blocky dacite lava flow extends 1 km toward the camera.

Viewing an erupting volcano is a memorable experience, one that has inspired fear, superstition, worship, curiosity, and fascination since before the dawn of civilization. Discover why volcanoes erupt, read about some of the most extreme eruptions in history, and find out how volcanologists are able to predict future eruptions. You will find the majority of Russia’s volcanoes along the Kamchatka Peninsula, which is located on the eastern side of the country.The biggest volcanic eruption ever recorded by humans was the explosion of Mount Tambora on Sumbawa Island, Indonesia, in 1815. Answer: Volcanoes relieve pressure inside the earth, similar to when you lift the lid on a pot of simmering food. This dome was one of the last squirts of lava to emerge during a much larger and long-term eruption. Arguably the most famous volcano in the Philippines and one of the most beautiful volcanoes in the world, the Taal Volcano is a large caldera surrounded by Taal Lake. As lava flows overlap one another, they construct a broad, gently sloping dome shape that from far away appears similar to a warrior's shield.

The somma-stratovolcano, Mount Vesuvius (last erupted in March 1944) lies in the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Italy. A volcano eruption’s sound is described as loud explosions, hissing, rumbling, bursting bubbles, and a “screaming jet engine. Looking at pictures of volcanoes, you can usually identify them by shape as being a shield volcano or stratovolcano. The circle-shaped Novarupta Dome that formed during the 1912 eruption of Katmai Volcano, Alaska, measures 800 feet across and 200 feet high.

One such area is the circum-Pacific Ring of Fire , where the Pacific Plate meets many surrounding tectonic plates. These geological features are formed when molten rock, ash, and gas escape from the Earth's interior and reach the surface. For instance, any lava and ash that is not too thick can break down over time to create fertile land for farming. If eruptions of cinder and lava flows happen repeatedly from the same vent, the overlapping layers can form a composite volcano (stratovolcano). They can cause a lot of damage and destroy buildings, kill and injure people, destroy forests, ruin crops, cause illness, and poison lakes and rivers.

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